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今日#谷雨#,双语说节气

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源自古人“雨生百谷”之说,每年4月19日~21日,太阳到达黄经30°时即为“谷雨”,正所谓“清明断雪,谷雨断霜”。谷雨节气的到来,意味着寒潮天气基本结束,气温回升加快,有利于谷类农作物的生长。
谷雨的英文名为“Grain Rain”,其中grain有谷物、粮食之意,rain为雨水,此外谷雨也称为“第六节气”,英文名为“6th solar term”,6th 即sixth,译为第六。solar term是固定词组,译为节气,偶尔也有人把节气翻译为“solar period”,因为period和term都有时期之意。
谷雨习俗
01采茶 PICKING
南方在谷雨时节有摘茶的习俗,在谷雨时节新采的春茶富含营养物质,具有清热、明目的功效。谷雨这天,不管天气如何,人们都会到茶山采摘一些新茶回来喝。
The South has the custom of picking tea in the grain rain season. The newly-picked Spring Tea in the grain rain season is rich in nutrients and has the functions of heat-clearing and eyesight-clearing. On the day of Grain Rain, no matter what the weather is, people will come to Tra Son to pick some new tea and drink it.
02吃香椿EATING
北方在谷雨时则有食用香椿的习俗,所以有“雨前香椿嫩如丝”之说;以及一些北方的渔民会举行隆重的“祭海”仪式,向海神娘娘敬酒,然后扬帆出海捕鱼。
In the north, there is the custom of eating toona sinensis during grain rain And some northern fishermen will hold a grand "sea offering" ceremony, to the sea goddess toast, and then set sail fishing.  
英语表述
1.What problem do we have when Grain Rain comes?
谷雨到来时常常会有什么问题?
2.Grain Rain: Rainfall increases obviously and impels cereal cropsto grow.
谷雨:降雨明显增长,促使谷类作物生长发育。
3.Grain Rain since reflects one of 7 solar term that weather changes, also be a solar term with last spring.
谷雨既是反映天气变化的7个节气之一,也是春季最后的一个节气。
健康小贴士
The most significant weather feature around “Grain Rain” is the big differences between morning temperatures and night temperatures. It’s important not to catch a cold.
“谷雨”期间最显著的气候特征就是昼夜温差明显。千万要小心别感冒了。
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